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I spoke with Roland Emmerich during the press junket for the film, and he gave a more in-depth explanation behind these vital changes. He began,
What I kinda learned when I did my research is that there is no central character in the Stonewall riots. It’s not a story like MILK where you have this one character. That’s the one thing. Then you ask yourself, so what is kind of like the connecting issue from today to then? And I realized it’s LGBT homeless youth in a very, very kind of direct way.
As I wrote about in my review of the film, this is true to some extent. Many people who were actually on the ground during the riots are unknown or have passed — some because of complications with AIDS. Then there are the many unconfirmed and "urban legends," if you will, as to why the riots got started. One states that the gay community was so overcome by the death of icon Judy Garland that when the police came to raid the bar they fought back. To that extent, Emmerich said,
We just went with everything that was absolutely confirmed. For example, a lesbian started it. Nobody knows who threw the brick, so it’s like dramatic license.
However, there are a few moments that are difficult to ignore, especially the portrayal of Marsha P. Johnson, a trans woman of color who was much more involved in the actual riots than the film lets on. During the interview, I brought up a specific scene cited by critics in which a black street youth takes out a brick with the intention of throwing it. Danny (Jeremy Irvine’s character), however, takes the brick away and throws it to ignite the revolution himself.
I thought it was like kind of an interesting way to portray throwing the brick because it’s like somebody takes it away from somebody and then throws it out of spite. So it’s a little bit more complex maybe then people like to see it. But for me, and for Robbie the writer, it was a really kind of cool and dramatic moment.
In light of the growing controversy over the "whitewashing" of history, the director released a statement following the trailer’s release. Published to his Facebook page, it read in part:
…when this film - which is truly a labor of love for me - finally comes to theaters, audiences will see that it deeply honors the real-life activists who were there — including Marsha P. Johnson, Sylvia Rivera, and Ray Castro — and all the brave people who sparked the civil rights movement which continues to this day.
Roland Emmerich told me during our interview that he still stands by this statement, even in light of harsh reviews coming from the Toronto International Film Festival, where it premiered, and subsequent press screenings that have questioned some of Emmerich's changes. Unfortunately for Emmerich, this backlash doesn't appear to be going away, especially not after comments he gave to BuzzFeed about the issue. During that interview, he said he made the film "also for straight people," and through test screenings found that Danny "is a very easy in" for heterosexual audience members because the character is "very straight-acting."
However, when I asked Roland Emmerich why he chose to center the story around Danny, he said,
I also wanted to do a coming-of-age story. Because, you know, I could really identity with Danny a lot. I’m also from the countryside. My upbringing was totally different, but still it’s such a frightening thing when you’re on the countryside and you’re gay. It’s still frightening.
Stonewall will hit theaters this Friday.